Located high in the mountains near the world famous town of Boquete lies Elida Estate. Wilford Lamastus has continued to innovate and produce an exceptionally well-processed natural coffee. We were first introduced to the coffee from Elida Estate following the 2007 Best of Panama competition. On that first visit, it was obvious that Wilford was passionate and committed to producing one of the best naturally processed coffees in the world. Since 2007, Elida Estate has finished in the top 10 in one or more categories of the Best of Panama competition. Most recently, they received 5th place in the Natural division in 2012.
The consistent results from Elida Estate are impressive. Natural processed coffees are particularly difficult to produce, because the farmer is, in essence, allowing the coffee to ferment. Extreme care and monitoring of the drying process is required to produce great results.
More than half of Elida Estate is located within the Volcan Baru National Park, a protected sanctuary and ecological reserve for exotic plants, birds and mammals. The volcano is one of the highest peaks in Central America, and provides a very unique micro-climate for the coffee grown on this farm. During the dry season, the farm benefits from the high elevation by having misty and foggy conditions during the season. The young fertile volcanic soils and the unique growing conditions shine through in the cup, producing one of the most unique coffees on this side of the prime meridian.
Boquete, Panama – December 10, 2012
Written By Jeff Taylor
I’ve been traveling to Panama for nearly a decade now. It’s one of my favorite trips each year. The producers here are very educated, up to date the latest farming and processing techniques, agronomy and the science of coffee. So I take it as one of my many goals of the trip to learn as much as possible from these producers during the short visit.
Elida Estate – Wilford Lamastus was one of the very first producers I ever meet on my first trip to Panama years ago. We’ve been friends and buyers of his coffee for a long time. PT’s was one of the first couple buyers of his naturally processed coffees. But I’ve never visited his farm in December, early in the harvest, to see the cherry selection and processing at work.
Wilford is the “next generation” of the Lamastus family to care for this farm. Elida Estate has been in the Lamastus family since it’s founding in 1918. It was named for the wife of the founder, Robert Lamastus.
Wilford picked me up early and we started our day with a cupping. Not a surprise, Wilford likes to cup coffee more than anyone I’ve ever met. He is meticulous and has developed an outstanding palate, especially for natural coffees. I would consider that, processing of naturals, one of his specialties.
So we unlocked the doors to the Specialty Coffee Association of Panama (SCAP) offices in Boquete early Monday morning and prepared the coffees for tasting. Obviously it was very early in the harvest, so we’re both aware the coffees will improve with rest, but we were eager to taste what was coming off of the drying patios so far. We included on the table a couple of coffees from last years harvest as a comparison and also a washed coffee from last year so that we had something on the table as a neutralizer for our palates. Tasting naturals can be a real challenge as the over ripe fruit flavor can really build up on your palate when tasting multiple cups and this can cause mistakes with other coffees if you aren’t careful to cleanse your palate of the off flavors.
I will reserve judgement on the coffees that were on the table as it was really early in the harvest and most of the coffees were from low grown parts of his farm.
After cupping, we headed to his “Vivero” or Nursery in english. Wilford is cultivating a nursery full of GEISHA (or sometimes spelled: GESHA) trees that will fill his farm in the coming years. Panama has become famous in recent years for the Geisha variety. The Geisha variety brings a much higher price and production of this coffee is surprisingly good and resistant to diseases common in this area.
Wilford tells me about his nursery and the Catuai and Geisha trees he’s preparing for transplant higher on the farm. He’s planted Geisha as high as 2,000 meters, but the growth rate for these trees has been extremely slow at that altitude and he’s not sure of there value at this point. He’s still hopeful though. The higher grown the coffee, the greater the density of the bean and the better the flavor of the coffee.
After a short trip higher up the hill we made it to his mill where workers are raking the patio and preparing for the arrival of the days harvest. We can see the pickers off in the distance, but they generally don’t deliver the cherry they are picking until around noon. So we drive to the top of his farm to start our inspection of the harvest.
Tree tomatoes were hanging gloriously from the trees at the top of his farm, which is actually located in the Alto Quiel region of Boquete, with a range of altitudes from 1670 to 2000 meters.
As we moved down the farm to elevations at 1800 meters, you could see the cherry ripening to a bright red color on the predominately Catuai trees and a the growing number of Geisha trees. Pickers were working hard on the sides of the mountain. Cherry selection, as I witnessed, could use some improving, but that is a concern at virtually each farm we visit through out the year. Pickers get paid by volume, so unless otherwise instructed, they pick anything in site regardless of ripeness. It takes a lot of training and monetary motivation to teach pickers to pick only the ripest of red cherries. Wilford’s efforts in this area are certainly consistent with many farms we visit.
With the selection of cherry as a small concern, we are working with Wilford to harvest a special lot just for PT’s that is only the ripest of red cherry that is selected and sorted before drying. This will be a first and should lead to an even more exceptional lot of Elida Natural when it arrives later this summer.
Wilford, capitalizing on the trends in the industry and a growing tourist market in Panama City, recently opened a cafe in the Old Town area of Panama City. I’ll write more on cafe’s at origin in another blog post.